Sometimes it seems that humanity already knows everything. It is in these same moments when new discoveries are made that transform our world and our views of it upside down.
We tell you about some discoveries that contributed to an understanding of world history but left scientists with more questions than answers.
Science Discoveries About Ancient Things
1. Embryo Mummy
In the early 20th century, scientists found a small sarcophagus. Initially, this finding did not surprise anyone, because in ancient Egypt these vessels were used to bury human organs.
However, the following investigation showed that the sarcophagus contained no organs: there was a fetal mummy. The embryo was in weeks 16-18 of development at the time of death.
This sarcophagus dates from the period between 664 and 525 years BC. Scientists have called it a unique discovery because this mummy is the “youngest” among all mummies found up to the present.
2. The Dead Sea Scrolls
The Dead Sea Scrolls are one of the most important archaeological finds in history. For several years, scientists explored caves near the Dead Sea.
They found thousands of pieces of parchment. The information written on these pieces of parchment is related to the canon of the Hebrew Bible.
Scientists now believe that more such documents can be found if the research continues. These scrolls are displayed in the Israel Museum in Jerusalem.
3. Chichen Itza Pyramids
The El Castillo pyramid is located on the Yucatan peninsula in Mexico. It was built around the first millennium A.D. The most surprising part of this building is that, according to scientists, there are two more pyramids inside.
The main problem is that these two pyramids were built long before El Castillo. At the moment, scientists are trying to find a way to get in without breaking its walls.
4. Neolithic Lovers
Two skeletons were found several years ago in Mantova, Italy. These are the skeletons of a man and a woman who were buried about 6000 years ago.
Archaeologists who studied the couple claimed that Neolithic double burials were very rare, and it was the first time they had seen a couple buried in that position.
This couple is also called Romeo and Juliet. This happened because the city of Verona, described by Shakespear as the birthplace of his characters, is very close to Mantova.
5. Amphipolis And The Unknown Tomb
A grave was found in Amphipolis, Greece. Inside the tomb, there were two tall marble statues guarding the entrance. These statues are called caryatids.
Thanks to this discovery, archaeologists and historians were able to suggest who this tomb belonged to. One version says it was Olympia’s grave.
Another version says that this tomb belonged to Roxana, the wife of Alexander the Great. The third version denies that these tombs were somehow related to the family of Alexander the Great.
6. Zodiac Concrete Slab
This zodiac concrete slab was found in the United States a few years ago. The thickness and texture of the soil layer over the find allowed the specialists to suggest that some pranksters did not dig into the soil, but were buried there for hundreds of years.
The way the signs are arranged on the slab tells us that it was probably used as a solar clock.
Have you found anything interesting? Maybe you know some stories about your friends who suddenly become archaeologists? Tell us in the comments.